Laryngologie
Risico op parodontitis bij patiënten met gastro-oesofageale refluxziekte
Gastro-oesofageale refluxziekte (GORD) is wereldwijd het meest voorkomende klinische spijsverteringsprobleem.1 Het treft ongeveer 20% van de volwassen bevolking in westerse landen.2 Slechte mondhygiëne is in verband gebracht met GORD als een atypische klinische complicatie. Het bewijs voor het verband tussen GORD en het risico op parodontitis is echter minder duidelijk.1 Eerdere onderzoeken In de eerste studie (2010) over de […]

Aanbevolen

Bij ouderen kan een slecht reukvermogen wijzen op een hoger risico op pneumonie
Geschat wordt dat 15 tot 25% van de ouderen in de Verenigde staten een slechte reukzin heeft. In tegenstelling tot slechtziendheid of slechthorendheid...
Otologie
Experimenteel gehoorimplantaat slaagt erin hersengolven te registreren
Een cochleair implantaat (CI) zorgt ervoor dat dove en ernstig slechthorenden weer kunnen horen door het elektrisch stimuleren van de gehoorzenuw. Een...

KNO nieuws

Association Between Vestibular Aqueduct Morphology and Meniere's Disease
onlinelibrary.wiley.com
Our results showed that the morphological characteristics of the vestibular aqueduct, including a narrowed lumen and shortened length, may be related to Meniere's disease (MD), as well as the degree o...
Military and Nonmilitary TBI Associations with Hearing Loss and Self-Reported Hearing Difficulty among Active-Duty Service Members and Veterans
journals.lww.com
Objective Identify associations between self-reported history of military and nonmilitary traumatic brain injury (TBI) on hearing loss and hearing difficulty from the Noise Outcomes in Servicemembers Epidemiology (NOISE) study.Study Design Cross-sectional.Setting Multi-institutional tertiary referral centers.Patients Four hundred seventy-three Active-Duty Service members (ADSM) and 502 veterans.Exposure Self-reported history of no TBI, military TBI only, nonmilitary TBI only, both military and nonmilitary TBI.Main Outcome Measures Pure-tone hearing thresholds, Speech Recognition In Noise Test (SPRINT), Hearing Handicap Inventory for Adults (HHIA), and Speech, Spatial and Qualities of Hearing Scale (SSQ)-12.Results 25% (120/473) of ADSM and 41% (204/502) of veterans self-reported a TBI. Military TBI was associated with poorer hearing thresholds in all frequency ranges in veterans (adjusted mean difference, 1.8 dB; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.5–3.0; 3.3, 0.8–5.8; 5.1; 1.7–8.5, respectively), and in the high frequency range in ADSM (mean difference, 3.2 dB; 95% CI, 0.1–6.3). Veterans with military TBI only and nonmilitary TBI only had lower odds of correctly identifying speech in noise than veterans with no TBI (odds ratio [OR], 0.78; 95% CI, 0.72–0.83; 0.90; 0.84–0.98). ADSM with a military TBI (OR, 5.7; 95% CI, 2.6–12.5) and veterans with any TBI history (OR, 2.5; 95% CI, 1.5–4.3; OR, 2.2; 95% CI, 1.3–3.8; OR, 4.5; 95% CI, 2.1–9.8) were more likely to report hearing difficulty on HHIA. SSQ-12 results corroborated HHIA findings.Conclusions Military TBI was associated with poorer hearing thresholds in veterans and ADSM, and poorer SPRINT scores in veterans. Military TBI was associated with poorer self-perceived hearing ability in ADSM. All types of TBI were associated with poorer self-perceived hearing ability in veterans, although the strength of this association was greatest for military TBI.
Impact of the COVID-19 era on clinical presentation, management and microbiology in paediatric peritonsillar abscess: A case–control study
onlinelibrary.wiley.com
Peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is the most common soft-tissue infection of the head and neck. This potential complication of tonsillitis has demonstrated unique microbial trends during the COVID-19 pande...

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